From the 5th and 6th centuries, the crisis of state structures, the barbarian incursions, the state of insecurity in which people lived and the economic recession encourage living in caves giving way to a historical, social and urbanistic phenomenon that will distinguish the land of ravines, especially between the 11th and 12th centuries.
In the Middle Ages the choice to dig their own home in the tender rock of the ravines was a feeling, a modus vivendi, a formal taste acquired during a millenary custom, not to be interpreted as a secondary or inferior option compared to high architectures, indeed. fu un sentire, un modus vivendi, un gusto formale acquisiti durante una millenaria consuetudine, da non interpretare come opzione secondaria o inferiore rispetto alle architetture in elevato, anzi.
These medieval hamlets are structured as real urban settlements with small places of worship, the rupestrian churches, real masterpieces in caves created by artists anonymous to us, which preserve architectural and pictorial persistence of Byzantine influence. chiese rupestri, veri e propri capolavori in grotta realizzati da artisti a noi anonimi, che conservano persistenze architettoniche e pittoriche di influenza bizantina.